California Department of Fish and Wildlife

Fully Protected Animals

white-tailed kite

The classification of Fully Protected was the State's initial effort in the 1960's to identify and provide additional protection to those animals that were rare or faced possible extinction. Lists were created for fish, mammals. amphibians and reptiles, birds and mammals. Please note that most fully protected species have also been listed as threatened or endangered species under the more recent endangered species laws and regulations.

Fully Protected species may not be taken or possessed at any time and no licenses or permits may be issued for their take except for collecting these species for necessary scientific research and relocation of the bird species for the protection of livestock.

The following common and scientific names are those given in the Fish and Game Code Sections 3511, 4700, 5050 and 5515. However, some of these names are no longer consistent with current scientific nomenclature.

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Colorado River squawfish (=Colorado pikeminnow) Ptychocheilus lucius
thicktail chub Gila crassicauda
Mohave chub (=Mohave tui chub) Gila mohavensis
Lost River sucker Catostomus luxatus (=Deltistes luxatus)
Modoc sucker Catostomus microps
shortnose sucker Chasmistes brevirostris
humpback sucker (=razorback sucker) Xyrauchen texanus
Owens River pupfish (=Owens pupfish) Cyprinoden radiosus
unarmored threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus williamsoni
rough sculpin Cottus asperrimus
Santa Cruz long-toed salamander Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum
limestone salamander Hydromantes brunus
black toad Bufo exsul
blunt-nosed leopard lizard Gambelia sila (=Gambelia silus)
San Francisco garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia
American peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus anatum
brown pelican (=California brown pelican) Pelecanus occidentalis (=P. o. occidentalis)
California black rail Laterallus jamaicensis coturniculus
California clapper rail Rallus longirostris obsoletus
California condor Gymnogyps califonianus
California least tem Sterna albifrons browni (=Sterna antillarum browni)
golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
greater sandhill crane Grus candadensis tabida
light-footed clapper rail Rallus longirostris levipes
southern bald eagle (=bald eagle) Haliaeetus leucocephalus leucocephalus
(=Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
trumpeter swan Cygnus buccinator
white-tailed kite Elanus leucurus
Yuma clapper rail Rallus longirostris yumanensis
Morro Bay kangaroo rat Dipodomys heermanni morroensis
bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis - except Nelson bighorn sheep
(ssp. Ovis canadensis nelsoni) in the area described
in subdivision (b) of Section 4902 (Fish and Game Code)
northern elephant seal Mirounga angustirostris
Guadalupe fur seal Arctocephalus townsendi
ring-tailed cat Genus Bassariscus (=Bassariscus astutus)
Pacific right whale Eubalanea sieboldi (=Balaena glacialis)
salt-marsh harvest mouse Reithrodontomys raviventris
southern sea otter Enhydra lutris nereis
wolverine Gulo luscus (=Gulo gulo)