California Department of Fish and Wildlife

Current California Ocean Recreational Fishing Regulations

San Francisco Management Area: San Francisco Bay District

(Includes San Francisco and San Pablo bays, plus all their tidal bays, tidal portions of their rivers and streams, sloughs and estuaries between the Golden Gate Bridge and Carquinez Bridge)

This summary of current regulations was updated on August 1, 2014.

See the California Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations booklet for complete regulation information, including regulations for species not covered here.

 

Shore-based anglers are fishermen that fish from beaches, banks, piers, jetties, breakwaters, docks and other manmade objects connected to the shore.

Divers are spear fishermen entering the water either from the shore or from a boat or other floating object.

Boat-based anglers are fishermen angling from boats or vessels of any size or any other type of floating object, including kayaks and float tubes.

Fishing Restrictions

While fishing in San Francisco and San Pablo bays you can only use one fishing line with no more than three separate hooks or lures. When fishing from a boat, fishing is restricted to daylight hours only (one hour before sunrise to one hour after sunset). While fishing from public piers inside San Francisco and San Pablo bays you can not use more than two rods and lines, two hand lines, or two nets, traps or other appliances used to take crabs. Every person while taking invertebrates (crabs, clams) which have a size limit shall carry a device which is capable of accurately measuring the size of the species taken.

Important Information

  • Marine protected areas (MPAs) may restrict or prohibit sport fishing. MPA regulations, maps, and coordinates are available on the California MPA web page, in the current Ocean Sport Fishing regulations booklet, and at your local CDFW office. Information about California MPAs is also available on the CDFW MPA mobile website.
  • The recreational fisheries for lingcod, rockfish, sub-groups of rockfish, California scorpionfish, cabezon, kelp and rock greenlings, California sheephead, ocean whitefish and other federal groundfish may close early if the annual harvest guideline for any one specie or species group is met or is expected to be met prior to the end of the year.
  • Check this website, call the Recreational Groundfish Fishing Regulations Hotline at (831) 649-2801, send an e-mail to AskMarine@wildlife.ca.gov, or call the nearest CDFW office for the latest information (Note: Your questions sent to AskMarine@wildlife.ca.gov, and CDFW's response, may be posted on the Internet or published in periodicals to help others with similar questions. If you do not wish your question to be used in this manner, please indicate this in your email).

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What's Open:

Rockfish

The recreational fishery for rockfish (Sebastes sp.) is open to divers2 and shore-based anglers year-round (see important NOTE at the end of this section). This fishery is open to boat-based anglers from June 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014 (see important NOTE at the end of this section). These species may only be taken or possessed3 in waters less than 180 feet (30 fathoms) deep. The daily bag and possession limit is 10 fish in combination of all species within the RCG Complex (includes all species of Rockfish, Cabezon and Greenlings) per person, with a sub-limit on bocaccio (3 per person, also included in the 10 fish RCG Complex aggregate limit). Yelloweye rockfish, canary rockfish, bronzespotted rockfish, and cowcod may not be retained (bag limit: zero).

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

Cabezon

The recreational fishery for cabezon (Scorpaenichthys marmoratus) is open to divers2 and shore-based anglers year-round (see important NOTE at the end of this section). This fishery is open to boat-based anglers from June 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014 (see important NOTE at the end of this section). Cabezon may only be taken or possessed3 in waters less than 180 feet (30 fathoms) deep. The daily bag and possession limit is 3 fish within the 10 fish RCG Complex aggregate limit (includes all species of Rockfish, Cabezon and Greenlings), with a minimum size limit of 15 inches total length.

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

Kelp Greenling and Rock Greenling

The recreational fishery for kelp and rock greenlings (Hexagrammos spp.) is open to divers2 and shore-based anglers year-round (see important NOTE at the end of this section). This fishery is open to boat-based anglers from June 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014 (see important NOTE at the end of this section). Greenlings may only be taken or possessed3 in waters less than 180 feet (30 fathoms) deep. The daily bag and possession limit is 10 fish within the 10 fish RCG Complex aggregate limit (includes all species of Rockfish, Cabezon and Greenlings), with a minimum size limit of 12 inches total length.

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

Lingcod

The recreational fishery for lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus) is open to divers2 and shore-based anglers year-round (see important NOTE at the end of this section). This fishery is open to boat-based anglers from June 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014 (see important NOTE at the end of this section). Lingcod may only be taken or possessed3 in waters less than 180 ft (30 fm) deep. The daily bag and possession limit is 2 fish, with a minimum size limit of 22 inches total length.

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

Leopard Shark

The recreational fishery for leopard shark (Triakis semifasciata) inside San Francisco Bay is open year-round to boat-based anglers, divers2 and shore-based anglers. The daily bag and possession limit is 3 fish with a minimum size limit of 36 inches total length.

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

Soupfin Shark and Spiny Dogfish

The recreational fisheries for soupfin shark (Galeorhinus zyopterus) and spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias) are open year-round to divers2 and shore-based anglers. These fisheries areopen to boat-based anglers from June 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014 (see important NOTE at the end of this section). These species may only be taken or possessed3 in waters less than 180 feet (30 fathoms) deep. The bag and possession limit for soupfin shark is one fish with no minimum size limit. The daily bag and possession limit for spiny dogfish is 10 fish within the 20-fish general bag limit, and there is no minimum size limit.

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

All Other Federally Managed Groundfish and Associated State-Managed Species1

The recreational fisheries for all other federally managed groundfish and associated state-managed species1 are open year-round to divers2 and shore-based anglers. These fisheries areopen to boat-based anglers from June 1, 2014 through December 31, 2014 (see important NOTE at the end of this section). These species may only be taken or possessed3 in waters less than 180 feet (30 fathoms) deep. Refer to the California Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations for size limits, bag limits and other regulations pertaining to these species.

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

Ocean Salmon

The recreational fishery for ocean salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) is open from April 5 through November 9, 2014. The daily bag and possession limit is 2 salmon of any species except coho. No more than two daily bag limits may be in possession when on land. On a vessel in ocean waters, no person shall possess or bring ashore more than one daily bag limit.

  • April 5-June 30 size limit: 24 in.
  • July 1-November 9 size limit: 20 in.

For important information on gear restrictions and other ocean salmon sport fishing regulations, see the 2014 Ocean Salmon Sport Regulations flyer and Ocean Sport Fishing regulations booklet. You may also call the Ocean Salmon Regulations Hotline at (707) 576-3429 for ocean salmon sport fishing information.

For more information about the ocean salmon fishery, please visit the California Ocean Salmon Seasons web page.

Sharks (State-managed)

Open all year, except that white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) may not be taken or possessed at any time. The bag limits for sixgill shark (Hexanchus griseus) and sevengill shark (Notorynchus cepedianus) allow take of one fish per day with no size limit. The bag limits for shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus), thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus), and blue shark (Prionace glauca) allow take of two fish per day with no size limit.

Pacific Sanddab and Other Flatfish

The recreational fishery is open year-round to all anglers and divers2 for the following species: Pacific sanddab (Citharichthys sordidus), butter sole (Isopsetta isolepis), curlfin sole (Pleuronichthys decurrens), flathead sole (Hippoglossoides elassodon), rex sole (Glyptocephalus zachirus), rock sole (Lepidopsetta bilineata), and sand sole (Psettichthys melanostictus). Refer to the California Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations for size limits, bag limits and other regulations pertaining to these species.

View a summary of groundfish regulations.

California Halibut

The recreational fishery for California halibut (Paralichthys californicus) remains open year round. The daily bag and possession limit is three fish north of Point Sur, Monterey County. The minimum size limit is 22 inches total length.

Read the 2009 California Halibut Fact Sheet.

Sturgeon

The recreational fishery for white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) remains open all year. The daily bag and possession limit is one fish that must be between 40 inches and 60 inches fork length. The annual limit is three (3) sturgeon per person. Short or oversized sturgeon must be released unharmed immediately; note that white sturgeon greater than 68 inches fork length may not be removed from the water prior to their immediate release. No snare may be used to assist in landing sturgeon. Only one single barbless hook may be used on a line to take sturgeon. The sturgeon must voluntarily take the bait or lure in its mouth. No sturgeon may be taken by trolling, snagging, or by the use of firearms. Sturgeon may not be gaffed, nor shall any person use any type of firearm to assist in landing or killing any sturgeon. Any person fishing for sturgeon shall have in their possession a non-transferable Sturgeon Fishing Report Card and complete it in accordance with Section 27.90, Title 14 California Code of Regulations.

Sturgeon may not be taken in the following described area between January 1 and March 15: That portion of San Francisco Bay included within the following boundaries: A direct line between Pt. Chauncy (National Marine Fisheries Laboratory) and Pt. Richmond, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and a direct line between Pt. Lobos and Pt. Bonita.

View a map of the sturgeon closure area.

Green sturgeon (Acipenser medirostris) may not be removed from the water, taken, or possessed at any time. Green sturgeon must be released immediately without being removed from the water.

See this flyer or the Ocean and/or Freshwater Sport Fishing Regulations booklet for complete information on new sturgeon fishing regulations effective January 1, 2013.

Striped Bass

The recreational fishery for striped bass (Morone saxitilis) is open year-round with a daily bag and possession limit of two fish and a minimum size limit of 18 inches in length. No striped bass may be taken while using a sinker weighing over four pounds, or while using any power-driven gurdy or winch.

Surfperch

The recreational fishery for surfperch (family Embiotocidae) inside San Francisco and San Pablo bays is open from August 1, 2014 through March 31, 2015. The daily bag and possession limit is 5 fish in combination of all species (except shiner perch). Shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata) are exempt from seasonal closures and have a separate bag and possession limit of 20 fish.

View information about surfperch regulations outside of San Francisco and San Pablo bays.

Identification Guide: Common Surfperches of California

Clams

Open all year from one-half hour before sunrise to one-half hour after sunset. It is unlawful to be on any clam beach with any instrument capable of being used to dig clams during the closed night time hours. The limit on Littleneck Clams, Soft-shell Clams, Chiones, Northern Quahogs, and Cockles is 50 in combination. All softshell clams dug, regardless of size or broken condition, must be retained until the bag limit is reached.

Mussels

The recreational season for California sea mussel (Mytilus californianus) and bay mussel (Mytilus trossulus) remains open year-round. The daily bag and possession limit is 10 pounds (in the shell) of California sea mussels and bay mussels in combination.

Note that the California Department of Public Health monitors and annually quarantines mussels to prevent human cases of paralytic shellfish poisoning and domoic acid poisoning.The quarantine is usually in effect from May through October, and applies only to sport-harvested mussels intended for human consumption. For updated information on quarantines and naturally-occurring shellfish toxins, call the California Department of Public Health's Shellfish Bio-toxin Information Line at (510) 412-4643 or toll-free at (800) 553-4133.

Crabs

The fishery for all crabs of the genus Cancer except Dungeness crabs, but including: yellow crabs, rock crabs, red crabs, and slender crabs is open all year with a limit of 35 crabs. Minimum size is four inches measured by the shortest distance through the body, from edge of shell to edge of shell at the widest part. No undersize crabs may be placed in any type of receiver, kept on the person or retained in any person's possession or under his direct control; all crabs shall be measured immediately and any undersize crabs shall be released immediately into the water.

Dungeness crabs (Cancer magister) may not be taken from, or possessed if taken from, San Francisco and San Pablo bays at any time.

Bay Shrimp (Grass Shrimp)

Limit: Five pounds

Ghost Shrimp and Blue Mud Shrimp

Limit: 50 in combination of species.

Herring Eggs

There is a 25 pound (including plants) wet weight limit on the take of herring eggs.

Kelp

The daily bag limit on all marine aquatic plants for which the take is authorized is 10 pounds wet weight in the aggregate, except that 25 pounds of herring eggs on kelp may be collected. No eel grass, surf grass, or sea palm may be cut or disturbed at any time.

Other Species

See the California Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations booklet for complete regulations, including regulations for species not covered here.

NOTE - CDFW may modify the seasons, depth constraints, bag limits or size limits for any species of federally-managed groundfish, California sheephead, ocean whitefish and greenlings of the genus Hexagrammos. Check this website regularly or call the Recreational Groundfish Fishing Regulations Hotline ((831) 649-2801) for the latest information.

 

What's Closed:

Pacific Halibut

The recreational fishery for Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) is closed as of August 31, 2014, and will reopen on September 1, 2014. For more information about the regulation change that initiated the August closure, please read the news release.

Dungeness Crab

Dungeness crabs (Cancer magister) may not be taken from, or possessed if taken from, San Francisco and San Pablo bays at any time.

For complete regulation information, see the California Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations booklet.

Abalone

The recreational fishery for abalone (Haliotis sp.) is closed year-round south of the mouth of San Francisco Bay.

 

Some marine protected areas restrict or prohibit sport fishing. Please visit the MPA website for more information.

For complete regulation information, see the California Ocean Sport Fishing Regulations.

 

1 Associated state managed species include cabezon, greenlings, California sheephead and ocean whitefish.

2 Except for spearfishing gear, all other types of fishing gear are prohibited to be aboard a vessel or non-motorized watercraft while spearfishing for the purpose of retaining federal groundfish and associated state managed species during a seasonal closure affecting boat-based anglers.

3 These species may be possessed aboard vessels that are transiting deeper waters only when all fishing gear is stowed.