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Rancho Jamul Ecological Reserve - San Diego County
General Location: Rancho Jamul Ecological Reserve is located in the eastern part of San Diego County between the towns of Jamul and Dulzura; Rancho Jamul can be found by following Eastbound Highway 94 (AKA Campo Road) from Spring Valley.
Directions: Directions from Downtown San Diego are as follows: I-5 south to I-94 east, follow Highway 94 east through the town of Jamul and look for a Rancho Jamul sign immediately following the Rural Fire Station. After approximately two miles, you will find the entrance on the south/west side of Highway 94. A public parking area will be constructed in early 2004.
Purpose of Acquisition: Rancho Jamul acquisitions began in 1998 and continue to the present. A variety of funding sources have been used for the acquisitions, including monies from Proposition 117 (Habitat Conservation Fund); Proposition 12 (Safe Neighborhood Parks, Clean Water & Air & Coastal Protection Bond Act of 2000); Federal Endangered Species Act, Section 6 (Threatened and Endangered Species Recovery Program), and donations by private organizations such as The Trust for Public Lands and Wells Fargo Bank. The property was designated as an Ecological Reserve by the Fish and Game Commission in August of 2000.
Background/Property History: Historically, Rancho Jamul has been used by the Kumayaay Indians for thousands of years for forage and living purposes, Spanish missionaries for grazing land (using the Kumeyaay Indians for labor), then owned by a series of private individuals, most notably Pio Pico, the last Mexican Governor of California. Prior to acquisition by CDFW, the property was used for farming and grazing by the well-known Daley Family of San Diego.
Additional historical information: For historical information, please visit the following links.
Directional map (PDF)
Topographical Map (PDF)
In October/November of 2003, three of the worst fires in California history engulfed southern California. The majority of the Crestridge Ecological Reserve, about 80% of the Rancho Jamul Ecological Reserve, and a small portion of the Boden Canyon Ecological Reserve burned. The vegetation will resprout and the wildlife will return, and the ecosystems will be surprisingly rich over the next few years. However in the immediate and near future, the areas are more vulnerable in this post-fire condition so we ask that visitors to these areas pay special attention to staying on designated trails and staying out of designated closed areas to allow the natural regeneration to occur.
More information on the Southern California fires.