California Department of Fish and Wildlife

California Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual

2010 4th Edition

Disclaimer: This manual describes many methods and techniques used with varying degrees of success by habitat restoration specialists. The methods and techniques described here represent only a starting point for project design and implementation. They are not a surrogate for, nor should they be used in lieu of, a project design that has been developed and implemented according to the unique physical and biological characteristics of the site-specific landscape.

The techniques and methods described in this manual are not a surrogate for acquiring the services of appropriate professionals, including but not limited to licensed professional engineers or licensed professional geologists, where such expertise is called for by the Business and Professions Code section 6700 et seq. (Professional Engineers Act) and/or section 7800 et seq. (Geologists and Geophysicists Act).

Download: Both the third and fourth editions of the manual, individual sections, and any corrections are available for download from this website as portable document format (PDF) files. See tables below.

4th Edition
Volume, Section Title / Page Date Replaces
One, Parts I – VIII, Appendices Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual, Volume 1, 4th edition July 2010 February 1998
One, Part I Salmon and Steelhead Habitat Restoration in California July 2010 February 1998
One, Part II Preliminary Watershed Assessment July 2010 February 1998
One, Part III Habitat Inventory Methods July 2010 February 1998
One, Part IV Fish Sampling Methods July 2010 February 1998
One, Part V Working With the Data July 2010 February 1998
One, Part VI Project Planning and Organization July 2010 February 1998
One, Part VII Project Implementation July 2010 February 1998
One, Part VIII Project Evaluation and Monitoring July 2010 February 1998
Two, Parts IX - XII Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual, Volume 2, 4th edition July 2010 Parts IX, X, XI, XII Combined

Prepared by:
Gary Flosi, Scott Downie, James Hopelain, Michael Bird, Robert Coey and Barry Collins

The first edition of this manual, written by Gary Flosi and Forrest Reynolds, and published in 1991, formally synthesized and described the California Department of Fish and Wildlife's approach and technical methods for anadromous salmonid habitat restoration. From 1991 through 1994 the first edition was broadly distributed and used as a "standard methods" text by many habitat restoration and resource inventory workers. As a result, many suggestions for improvement of the manual were received by the authors.

The second edition, by Flosi and Reynolds was supported by a team that included the authors of this second edition, and was published in October of 1994. The second edition included a number of revisions: 1) a reorganization of sections for project planning and project implementation; 2) the just then recently revised stream channel classification system developed by David Rosgen; 3) a new monitoring and evaluation section; 4) a listing of all databases used for resource inventory and analysis as presented in the manual; 5) a protocol for a large woody debris inventory; 6) a description of required environmental review processes and permits; 7) an expanded and updated listing of sensitive species; and 8) numerous editorial changes to text and data forms.

The third edition, like the second, incorporates changes recently developed in the practice of stream habitat inventory and restoration. The authorship list has changed with this edition to more accurately reflect the contributions of the writing team members.

Part IX: The new section, "Part IX Fish Passage Evaluation at Stream Crossings," was added to the manual in April 2003. The primary authors of this section were Ross N. Taylor and Michael Love. This section addresses fish passage evaluations at stream crossings (roads, bridges, etc.).

A table in Part IX, on page 42, was found to be incorrect. The corrections have been incorporated into the complete PDF documents below. Individual replacement pages for both the single- and double-sided versions are also available (2003-08-11).

Part X: The revised section, "Part X Upslope Erosion Inventory and Sediment Control Guidance," was published in April 2006. It replaces the section previously titled "Part X Upslope Assessment and Restoration Practices" which was added to the manual in April 2004. The principle authors are Dr. Bill Weaver, Danny Hagans and Eileen Weppner, Professional Geologist, of Pacific Watershed Associates. This section describes the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) methodology for the identification of upslope and stream bank erosion, and techniques for the implementation of cost-effective erosion control treatments in salmonid watersheds

Part XI: The new section, "Part XI Riparian Habitat Restoration," was added to the manual in May 2004. Circuit Rider Productions, Inc. (CRP) developed this section under a grant agreement with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Part XI covers topics of human impacts on riparian habitats and methods to conserve and restore such habitats.

Part XII: The new section, “Fish Passage Design and Implementation” was added to the manual in April of 2009. The principal authors for Par XII, Michael Love and Kozmo Bates, developed this section under a grant agreement with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Part XII replaces “Human Induced Obstructions, fishways and Culverts” (pages VII-51 through VII-61) in the Febrauary 1998 version of the California Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual.

The fourth edition compiles all the above revisions and new sections, and corrects editorial errors. The fourth edition contains Volume 1, Parts I – VIII and Volume 2, Parts IX – XII.. If you have the third edition you can add the revisions and new sections listed above. If you are new to the manual you only need the fourth edition. See the table below for dates of each part/revision and downloads.

3rd Edition
Volume, Section Title / Page Date Replaces
One, Parts I – VIII, Appendices Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual, 3rd edition February 1998  
One, Part III pages 43-48, 48a February 2004 February 1998
One, Part VII pages 45-48 February 2003 February 1998
One, Appendices A-E All of Appendices A thru E February 1998  
One, Appendix F All of Appendix F December 2002 February 1998
One, Appendices G-I All of Appendices G thru I February 1998  
One, Appendices J-M All of Appendices J thru M February 1998  
One, Appendices N-Q All of Appendices N thru Q February 1998  
One, Appendix R All of Appendix R February 2004 February 1998
One, Appendix R Habitat Inventory Data Form (this is the same as page 48a, of Part III) February 2004 February 1998
One, Appendix S Fish Screen Criteria, pages 1-14 December 2002  
One, Appendix S Fish Screen Operation and Maintenance BMPs, pages 15-16 May 2010 Add to end of Appendix S, Volume One
One, Appendix S Fish Screen Criteria, pages 1-16 December 2002 & May 2010 Combined
One & Two Table of Contents, 2010 May 2010 February 1998
Two, Part IX Part IX - Fish Passage Evaluation at Stream Crossings (includes revised page 42) April & August 2003 April 2003
Two, Part IX page 42 (Table IX-6) August 2003 April 2003
Two, Part IX page 41-42 (Double Sided) August 2003 April 2003
Two, Part X Part X-Upslope Erosion Inventory and Sediment Control Guidance March 2006  
Two, Part XI Part XI - Riparian Habitat Restoration October 2003  
Two, Part XII Part XII - Fish Passage Design and Implementation April 2009